Shaashadda Taabashada Kartida leh (1)

Shaashadda Taabashada Kartida lehwaa guddiga kontoroolka iyadoo lagu cabbirayo isbeddelka awoodda ee uu keenay taabashada shay-qabad (sida farta) si loo qiyaaso booska taabashada.

Si ka duwanscreen taabashada iska caabin ah, kaas oo u baahan cadaadis si loo sameeyo xidhiidhka dhabta ah ee u dhexeeya laba lakab oo gudaha ah, hababka capacitive waxay ku heli karaan isbeddelka capacitance kaliya taabashada iftiinka shaashadda.

Sidaa awgeed, waxay awood u siinaysaa si siman oo degdeg ah, adkeysi sare, iyo waxqabadka indhaha ee aad u wanaagsan.

Natiijo ahaan, shaashadda taabashada awoodda leh waxay leedahay doorashooyin waxyaabo badan oo dabacsan oo loogu talagalay substrates, tusaale ahaan, muraayadaha iyo balaastikada, halka tignoolajiyada iska caabbinta u baahan yihiin lakab dabacsan.

Sidee u shaqeeyaa shaashadda taabashada awoodda leh?

Lakab ahmaaddo bir ah oo hufan(indium tin oxide: ITO) ayaa lagu dahaadhay dusha sare ee qaybta xakamaynta.

Marka shayga korantada uu taabto, awoodda booska taabashada waa la bedeli doonaa si meesha taabashada loo ogaado.

Shaashadda taabashada awoodda leh waa alakabyo badanshaashad isku dhafan:

Lakabka sare sida caadiga ah waa muraayadda silica sababtoo ah daahfurnaantiisa wanaagsan iyo adkaanta ilaalinta.

Dusha sare ee muraayadda iyo lakabka gudaha (lakabyada) mid kastaa waxaa lagu dahaadhay walxaha korantada birta ah (ITO), lakabka dareenka muhiimka ah oo leh koronto ku yaal gees kasta.

Tan iyo goobta korontada ee jidhka bini'aadamka, marka fartu u soo dhawaato shaashadda taabashada, awoodda isku-xidhka ayaa ka dhex abuurma, sida ku cad sawirka 1.

1

Jaantuska 1. Awoodda isku-xidhka ee ku dhex abuurmay shaashad taabasho ah

Deegaanka hadda jira ee soo noqnoqonaya, awooddu waxay noqotaa kaari toos ah, fartu waxay soo jiidataa qadar yar oo hadda ah booska taabashada.Marka la barbar dhigo, imminka ayaa ka soo qulqulaya korantada gees kasta.

Sababtoo ah isbeddelka hadda ee electrode kasta wuxuu la mid yahay fogaanta farta ilaa gees kasta.Kantarooluhu wuxuu heli karaa booska barta taabashada isagoo si sax ah u xisaabinaya saamiga isbeddelka hadda jira.

Isbarbardhigga codsiga

●Guddiga taabashada awoodda dusha sare leh waxaa inta badan loo adeegsadaa nidaamyada dadweynaha iyo warshadaha, sida qalabka warshadaha, ATM-yada, iyo dukaamada, kuwaas oo ah bannaanka ama deegaan leh shuruudo heerkul adag iyo huurka.Qiimaha ayaa ka sarreeya marka la barbardhigo.

Guddi taabasho karti leh oo la saadaaliyay ayaa leh arrimo qulqulaya oo hooseeya iyo gudbin wanaagsan, waxayna gaari kartaa taabasho badan.Waxay caan ku tahay badeecadaha macaamiisha leh shaashad yar ama dhexdhexaad ah.

Kala soocidda shaashadda taabashada awoodda leh

Nashqada awooda waxa loo qaybiyaa habab karti leh oo dusha sare ah iyo habab karti leh.

Marka la eego mabda'a shaqada ee qorshahooda, waxay xaddiday shaqada taabashada nooc kasta, sida ku cad sawirka 2.

2

Jaantuska 2. Kala-soocidda shaashadda taabashada awoodda leh

Shaashadda taabashada awoodda dusha sare leh (SCT)

Waxa ay ka kooban tahay hal lakab oo korantada ah, kaas oo afar geesood ay ku xidhan yihiin afar calaamado danab ah oo beddelka hadda ah (AC), sida ku cad sawirka 3.

Booska taabashada waxaa lagu qiyaasi karaa kala duwanaanshaha hadda jira ee afarta gees ee ilaha tamarta AC ee ay sababtay taabashada dagaalyahanada.

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Jaantuska 3. Shaashadda taabashada awoodda dusha sare leh

Nidaamku wuxuu u dhacaa sida soo socota:

  1. Farta taabashada shaashadda waxay sababtaa farqiga hadda ee afar ilood oo danab ah.
  2. Isha danabku waxay ku dhowdahay barta taabashada, halkaasoo kala duwanaanshiyaha hadda uu noqdo mid weyn sababtoo ah culeyska yar ee iska caabinta.
  3. Natiijo ahaan, goobaha taabashada waxaa laga xisaabiyaa saamiga hadda ee ka sarreeya afar ilo danab.In kasta oo aanay la tacaali karin taabasho badan, adkaysigeeda sare waxa ay awood u siinaysaa in ay si weyn isugu dhex gasho mishiinnada tibaaxaha otomaatiga ah (ATMs).

Shaashadda taabashada awoodda leh ee la saadaaliyay (PCT)

Shaashado taabasho oo karti leh ayaa adeegsada laba lakab oo qaabaysan kuwaas oo kala go'ay oo midba midka kale u gudba qaab qaab matrix ah.

Qaababka toosan iyo kuwa toosan waxay u dhigmaan macluumaadka booska dhacdada taabashada.

Waxaa jira laba hab oo loo abuuro laguna cabbiro awoodda:

Kartida nafta

It cabbiro awooddainta u dhaxaysa electrode jiifka ah iyo dhulka, iyo inta u dhaxaysa electrode toosan iyo dhulka,Saf kasta iyo tiir kastaa wuxuu leeyahayawood u gaar ah,sida ku cad sawirka 4(a).

Kartida naftu waasi degdeg ah uga jawaab, laakiin waxa dhib ku ah in la helo meesha taabashada dhabta ah haddii laba ama in ka badan la taabto.Aqoonsiga beenta ah waaloo yaqaan goobta rooxaanta.

Sidaa darteed, badanaa waxay khuseysaa hal taabasho iyo tilmaam-taabasho, ma aha taabasho badan.

Dhibaatada kale ee habkan ayaa ah in waxqabadka uu si toos ah u saameeyay qoyaanka faraha iyo deegaanka.

Awood-wadaaga

Habka karti-wadaaga,aagga is dulsaaran eelaba qaybood oo ah electrodes waxay sameeyaan awood.

Fartu taabatohoos u dhacahawoodda labada dhinaciyadoo ay ugu wacan tahay luminta garoonka koronto ee farta la dhex dhigo labada electrodes dhexdooda.

Waxay cabbiraysaa awoodda aag kasta oo is-dul-saaran oo ah qaabab toosan iyo toosan, sida lagu soo bandhigay jaantuska 4(b).

Maadaama cabbirku yahay shakhsi, waxay taageeri kartaa hawlaha taabasho badan iyada oo aan xaddidnayn tirada faraha.

Intaa waxaa dheer, awoodda labada dhinac si fudud uma saameynayso deegaanka ama farta.

Faa'iidooyinkaas, waxay noqotay aTignoolajiyada taabashada caanka ahmaanta.

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Jaantuska 4. Hababka kartida leh ee la saadaaliyay.(a) Kartida nafsiga.(b) Awoodda labada dhinac

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Waqtiga boostada: Oct-26-2022